Bončina A., Simončič T., 2015 – Changes of forests and forest management in a changing world. In: Atti del II Congresso Internazionale di Selvicoltura, Progettare il futuro per il settore forestale, Firenze, 26-29 novembre 2014. Firenze: Accademia Italiana di Scienze Forestali. Vol. 1, p. 221-225. ISBN 978-88-87553-21-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.4129/2cis-ab-cha
Title: Changes of forests and forest management in a changing world
Summary: Unprecedented demands towards forests, which reflect also in changes of forest stands, challenge many fields of forest management. It is often highlighted that forest policy needs to change, that new financial instruments are needed, new planning tools, maps of forest services etc. However, silviculture seems to be rarely exposed as one of the fields important for multi-objective forest management. Silviculture may have different role for providing forest services regarding the general approach to multi-objective forest management. In the segregation approach, where forest lands are divided according to the single management objectives, silviculture commonly has a side role, whereas in the integration approach it is one of the main tools to provide forest services. Integration forestry has been common in Central Europe, where the concept of forest functions has been typically applied to practice multi-objective forest management. Integration forestry has based itself on the ‘close-to-nature’ silviculture, which has been considered as the most appropriate for providing forest functions (services). However, many questions arise regarding the usefulness and effectiveness of the current silviculture systems for providing different benefits in very divergent natural and social conditions. This paper will try to expose some of them and highlight the role that silviculture plays in the framework of multi-objective forest management.
Keywords: multiple objective forest management, silviculture, segregation vs. integration, societal values.